Home > Seminars > Mehmet Orman: Bacterial Persistence: A Metabolically-Stimulated State

Mehmet Orman: Bacterial Persistence: A Metabolically-Stimulated State

Start:

2/23/2017 at 12:30PM

End:

2/23/2017 at 1:30PM

Location:

131 DeBartolo Hall

Host:

College of Engineering close button
headerbottom

Edward Maginn

Edward Maginn

VIEW FULL PROFILE Email: ed@nd.edu
Phone: 574-631-5687
Website: http://www.nd.edu/~ed/
Office: 182A Fitzpatrick Hall

Affiliations

Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering Dorini Family Professor of Energy Studies and Department Chair
College of Engineering Dorini Family Professor of Energy Studies and Chair of the Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering
The research in our group focuses on developing a fundamental understanding of the link between the physical properties of materials and their chemical constitution. Much of our work is devoted to applications related to energy and the environment. The main tool we use is molecular simulation. In ...
Click for more information about Edward
574-631-5687
Add to calendar:
iCal vCal

Bacterial persisters are rare, phenotypic variants that are temporarily tolerant to high concentrations of antibiotics. Persisters have been hypothesized to underlie the recalcitrance of biofilm infections, and strategies to eliminate these cells have the potential to improve treatment outcomes for the majority of hospital-treated infections. The low abundance, transient nature, and similarities of persisters to other cell-types have hindered progress toward understanding their physiology. In particular, knowledge of persister metabolism remains scarce. We investigated the role of metabolism in persisters arising from stationary phase cultures, which is the stage of growth where persisters are most abundant. Within this nutrient-depleted environment, we discovered that persisters are far less likely to derive from bacteria with low metabolic activity, and found that inhibition of metabolism, but not macromolecular synthesis, during stationary phase reduced persistence drastically. We determined that loss of stationary phase metabolic activity prevented digestion of endogenous proteins and RNA, which yielded bacteria that were more capable of translation, replication, and concomitantly cell death when exposed to antibiotics. Overall, these observations highlight a central role for metabolism in persister formation, and demonstrate its potential to provide anti-persister strategies.

Seminar Speaker:

Mehmet Orman

Mehmet Orman

Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center

Mehmet obtained his B.S. and M.S. degrees from the Chemical Engineering Department at Middle East Technical University in Ankara, Turkey in 2007, and his Ph.D. in Chemical and Biochemical Engineering from Rutgers University in 2011. Previously, he was a postdoctoral research associate at the Chemical and Biological Engineering Department at Princeton University, until 2015. He then joined the Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, the world’s leading cancer research center, as a research fellow to gain more insights within the cancer research field.  In his research, he utilizes systems biology, metabolic engineering, and molecular genetic tools to understand biological problems that impose a huge burden on the health care system. His diverse research interests include: understanding inflammation induced-hypermetabolic state; characterizing the physiology of reversible drug tolerant phenotypes; and studying DNA repair mechanisms in cancer cells. His pivotal research proposal in persistence has recently received the best possible impact score of 10 from the NIH for the K22 Career Transition Award, which supports tenure-track assistant professors within the first two years of their academic career.

« February 2017 »
February
SuMoTuWeThFrSa
1234
567891011
12131415161718
19202122232425
262728